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Bicycles (pedal bicycles)

Mountain Bicycle
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This mandatory standard came into effect on 30 October 1980 and was last amended on 2 November 2004. It covers design and labelling requirements for child and adult pedal bicycles.

Under the mandatory standard, pedal bicycles are light, two-wheeled vehicles manually driven by the user pushing on pedals. The mandatory standard covers fully or partially assembled pedal bicycles.

On this page:


Death or serious injury

Riders can fall from a bicycle and suffer broken bones, head injuries or death if aspects of the bicycle fail, such as the:

  • braking system
  • steering
  • pedal cranks.

Serious injury or death can occur if the bicycle’s head stem cracks or fails, causing the rider to have no steering control. Pedestrians may suffer death or serious injury if a bicycle lacks a warning device that riders can use to signal their presence on bike paths or roads.

Lacerations and limb entrapment

  • Children can suffer lacerations and limb entrapment if the bicycle is not fitted with a chain guard.


Mandatory standard

This mandatory standard is based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 1927:1998.

Australian and New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 1927:1998 is a voluntary standard except for those sections specifically called up by the mandatory standard. You must consult the mandatory standard for these details.    

For complete information about all mandatory requirements for pedal bicycles, we strongly advise that you read Consumer Protection Notice No. 6 of 2004.

This mandatory standard came into effect on 2 November 2004.

Does this apply to your business?

Under the ACL supply includes:

  • in relation to goods - (including re-supply) by way of sale, exchange, lease, hire or hire-purchase and
  • in relation to services - provide, grant of confer. 

This mandatory standard applies to anyone in the business of supplying bicycles, including:

  • manufacturers
  • importers
  • distributors
  • retailers
  • hirers.

To allow for staggered implementation, there are some cases where a mandatory standard or ban prescribes different compliance dates for the manufacturing, importing and supply of a product. Manufacturers, importers and distributors should check for this detail in the mandatory standard before embarking on production, importation or distribution of these goods.

Complying with the mandatory standard

To fully understand how to comply with the mandatory standard, suppliers must read:

Suppliers may also find the Regulation impact statement—Pedal bicycles helpful in understanding aspects of the mandatory standard.

Penalties and consequences

Suppliers can face heavy fines and recalls of non-compliant products if they trade in bicycles that fail to meet requirements of the mandatory standard. For more details, view Penalties and consequences.

Some key requirements

The requirements below are key requirements only. They may help to give suppliers a general idea of the detail they must look up in the mandatory standard. This information may also assist consumers when they are choosing bicycles. 

While we provide some advice on this page to help you understand aspects of the standard you can visually check, suppliers must not rely on this information as a complete guide to compliance.

Design requirements: Adult pedal bicycles

These requirements apply to fully and partially assembled bicycles. Partially assembled bicycles must be fully assembled prior to testing. The requirements cover:

  • sharp edges
  • fasteners
  • projections
  • control cables
  • ground clearance
  • toe clearance
  • wheels
  • protective guards
  • drive chains
  • pedals
  • steering systems
  • seat pillar
  • braking systems
  • reflectors
  • warning device
  • lighting equipment (where fitted).

Design requirements: Child pedal bicycles

A child’s bicycle is one with a wheelbase between 640 mm and 765 mm. The mandatory standard requires a child’s bicycle to have:

  • no fewer than two braking systems
  • one system with a back pedal brake.

Safety markings


Informative labelling is required where bicycle components need to be either adjusted or attached and adjusted. 


Bicycles must have permanent and legible markings covering the:

  • name and address in Australia of the manufacturer, importer or other supplier
  • identification number of the bicycle.


Bicycles must come with use and maintenance instructions. For bicycles that are partially assembled, simple, clear and adequate instructions for completing the assembly are also required.

Legal cases and undertakings

Date commenced: 28th January 2010
Apollo Bicycle Co. Pty Ltd—Radius Racer X Al 12” bicycle failed to comply with the mandatory standard for pedal bicycles.

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