Using tobacco products has been linked to a variety of illnesses, including:
kidney and bladder cancers
acute chest illnesses and diseases
chronic chest illnesses and diseases
lung illnesses and diseases
Non-users, particularly children, can also suffer serious illness if they are exposed to second-hand smoke. Women who use tobacco products during pregnancy expose their children to the risk of serious respiratory illnesses. Children exposed to second-hand smoke also have an increased risk of these illnesses, including:
reduced lung function, especially for infants
an increase in lower respiratory tract infections during infancy
impaired lung growth
the risk of developing more serious respiratory diseases in later life.
The Competition and Consumer (Tobacco) Information Standard 2011 (Tobacco Standard) for tobacco products came into effect on 1 December 2012. It covers a variety of labelling, including explanatory, information and warning messages and graphics.
Smoking is one of the main preventable causes of death and disease in Australia. Taking into consideration sickness and disability as well as deaths, tobacco causes more disease and injury in Australia than any other single risk factor.
15 000 deaths per year are caused by smoking in Australia.
A conservative estimate states that smoking kills about 50 per cent of all persistent users in Australia.