Trolley jacks

The mandatory standard applies to hydraulic trolley jacks designed to raise a part of a vehicle via the vehicle's chassis.

About trolley jacks

A trolley jack comes with:

  • wheels for manoeuvring the trolley jack
  • a handle for positioning the trolley jack under the vehicle and for pumping the hydraulic cylinders
  • hydraulic cylinders for lifting the vehicle.

The mandatory standard prescribes requirements for the design, construction, performance and labelling of trolley jacks.

There is a separate mandatory standard for vehicle jacks. Vehicle jacks are used to change wheels (over to the spare) on a vehicle.

Hazards

Vehicles supported by an unsafe or inappropriately used trolley jack can fall onto a person and cause death or serious injury.

Warning: do not get under a vehicle that is supported by a trolley jack – use support stands.  Users should refer to the vehicle manufacturer's owner’s manual for lifting points prior to jacking the vehicle.

Mandatory standard

Consumer Protection Notice No. 10 of 2008 sets out the mandatory requirements for trolley jacks.

The mandatory standard is based on certain sections of the voluntary Australian/New Zealand Standard, AS/NZS 2615:2004 Hydraulic trolley jacks. AS/NZS 2615:2004 is available from SAI Global.

Key requirements

These requirements aim to provide an overview of the mandatory standard. Suppliers must not rely on this information as a complete guide to compliance.

Design and construction

Materials

All materials used in the construction of the trolley jack must have properties to withstand a range of forces when tested in accordance with AS/NZS 2615:2004.

Protective coating

Except for matting surfaces or sliding parts, the trolley jack must have a suitable corrosion protective coating.

Head cap

The head cap is the part of the trolley jack that makes contact with the vehicle. The head cap must be free to rotate about a vertical axis and be able to retain a horizontal bar of 100 mm diameter.

Overload protection

The trolley jack must include a means of overload protection so that it cannot lift a load of 15 per cent more than its nominated capacity.

Prevention of over travel

Over travel is when the trolley jack is raised higher than the height it is designed for. The trolley jack must include a 'positive stop' to prevent over travel of the head cap. Alternatively, the trolley jack must be designed so that over travel cannot happen.

Minimum capacity

The nominated capacity of the trolley jack must not be less than 750 kg.

Performance

Durability

The trolley jack must not fail or become unserviceable when subjected to a durability trial.

Loss of height under load

The trolley jack must not lose more than five per cent of its height when subjected to a specified load. Also, after 30 minutes, the loss of height must not exceed five millimetres.

Lowering

The trolley jack must provide a controlled lowering mechanism that can be activated by the operator. The operator must be able to use the trolley jack to control the descent of the load without hazard to the operator or damage to the trolley jack.

Overload capacity

The trolley jack must be able to hold a load in excess of its nominated capacity without collapsing, becoming unstable or losing more than five per cent of its height.

Eccentric load test

When subjected to an eccentrically applied load (that is, a load applied off-centre or to the side of the head cap), a trolley jack must not collapse, become unstable, or lose more than five per cent of its height.

Testing

Suppliers need to organise the testing prescribed in the mandatory standard through specialist laboratories.

Safety markings

On the trolley jack

The hydraulic trolley jack must be permanently and legibly marked in English with the following:

  • the nominated capacity stated as 'Working Load Limit ….kg'
  • a warning notice bearing the exact  following words in letters not less than 5 mm in height and on a contrasting background:
    • THE JACK MUST BE USED ONLY ON HARD LEVEL SURFACES AND BE FREE TO ROLL DURING LIFTING AND LOWERING
      DO NOT GET UNDER A VEHICLE THAT IS SUPPORTED BY A TROLLEY JACK – USE SUPPORT STANDS
  • clear and necessary operating instructions for the hydraulic trolley jack including the following information:
    • the unlifted wheels of the vehicle should be chocked.
    • the load should be centrally located on the head cap.
    • no person should remain in a vehicle that is being lifted.
    • read the vehicle manufacturer's owner's manual before lifting the vehicle.
    • the hydraulic trolley jack should be used for lifting and lowering only.
  • a statement specifying the correct hydraulic fluid for use with the hydraulic trolley jack and a requirement that it be kept at the recommended level.
  • name and address in Australia or New Zealand of the manufacturer, importer or other supplier of the hydraulic trolley jack.
  • the manufacturing batch identification.

On the packaging

The following information must be clearly marked on the packaging of the hydraulic trolley jack:

  • the 'height lowered' being the minimum height of the head cap, in millimetres.
  • the 'height raised' being the maximum height of the head cap, in millimetres.
  • the nominated capacity as 'Working Load Limit ….kg'
  • if the hydraulic trolley jack requires lubrication before use, then a label or swing label in a contrasting colour must be attached to the handle bearing the words: 'THIS HYDRAULIC TROLLEY JACK REQUIRES LUBRICATING PRIOR TO USE.'

Instructions

The following must be marked on or supplied with the hydraulic trolley jack.

Maintenance instructions

Maintenance instructions must include any necessary procedures for maintenance, including lubrication requirements and details for servicing the hydraulic system.

Safe usage instructions

Recommendations for safe use of the hydraulic trolley jack, including the following statements or words to the same effect:

  • the trolley jack should be used on a hard level surface and be free to roll during lifting and lowering
  • the unlifted wheels of the vehicle should be chocked
  • the load should be centrally located on the head cap
  • no person should remain in a vehicle that is being lifted
  • the hydraulic trolley jack should be used for lifting and lowering only
  • the raised vehicle should be supported on vehicle support stands
  • no person should get bodily under a vehicle supported by a hydraulic trolley jack
  • the vehicle manufacturer's owner's manual should be consulted prior to the lifting of the vehicle.

Assembly instructions

Where assembly is required, adequate assembly instructions together with a parts list and an exploded diagram of the trolley jack.

Does this apply to your business?

Under the Australian Consumer Law supply includes:

  • in relation to goods - (including re-supply) by way of sale, exchange, lease, hire or hire-purchase
  • in relation to services - provide, grant or confer.

This ban applies to anyone in the business of supplying this product, including:

  • manufacturers
  • importers
  • distributors
  • retailers
  • hirers.

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