Self-balancing scooters

This mandatory standard applies to self-balancing scooters.

A self-balancing scooter is a two-wheeled ride on device with no steering grips, seats or handlebars, which is powered by a lithium-ion battery that is rechargeable via connection to a mains power supply.

About self-balancing scooters

Self-balancing scooters are also known as:

  • hoverboards
  • gliders
  • smart boards
  • sky walkers
  • mod boards.

The mandatory safety standard, Consumer Goods (Self-balancing Scooters) Safety Standard 2016, came into effect on 17 July 2016.

The mandatory standard replaces the interim ban on hoverboards that do not meet specific safety requirements. The interim ban commenced on 19 March 2016 and ended on 16 July 2016.

Hazards

The purpose of the safety standard is to reduce the risk of death or serious injury to consumers from house fires started by self-balancing scooters. The safety standard reduces the risk by specifying safety requirements for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries and battery control systems in self-balancing scooters.

In Australia, there have been six reports of house fires attributable to self-balancing scooters, resulting in the destruction of three houses. In five cases, the self-balancing scooter was being charged when it caught fire.

Mandatory standard

Consumer protection notice No. 7 of 2016  sets out the requirements for self-balancing scooters. An explanatory statement is available from the link above.

You must consult the mandatory standard for these details.

Key requirements

The requirements in (1) and (2) below are the specific safety requirements with which self-balancing scooters must comply:

  1. The following International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards :
    1. for batteries, as specified in IEC 62133; and
    2. for battery control systems preventing electrical appliances from attaining excessive temperatures in normal use, as specified in section 11 as amended by Annex B, of IEC 60335-1 or as specified in section 11 as amended by Annex B, of AS/NZS 60335.1:2011; and
    3. for battery control systems preventing abnormal operation of electrical appliances, as specified in section 19, as amended by Annex B, of IEC 60335-1 or as specified in section 19, as amended by Annex B, of AS/NZS 60335.1:2011;

or

  1. the requirements specified in the following sections of the Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL) document UL 2272 for:
    1. Fuses as specified in section 11 of UL 2272;
    2. Protective circuits and safety analysis as specified in sub-sections 15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.4 and 15.5 of UL 2272;
    3. Cells as specified in section 16 of UL 2272;
    4. Overcharging as specified in section 23 of UL 2272;
    5. Short circuit protection as specified in section 24 of UL 2272;
    6. Temperature control as specified in section 26 of UL 2272; and
    7. Cell imbalanced charging as specified in section 27 of UL 2272. 

 

Access to standards information

The IEC 62133 and IEC 60335-1 standards can be purchased from a variety of online sources including the IEC (webstore.iec.ch/), SAI Global (infostore.saiglobal.com/store/default.aspx) and the International Organization for Standardization (www.iso.org/iso/store.htm).

The AS/NZS 60335.1 standard can be purchased from SAI Global (infostore.saiglobal.com/store/default.aspx).

The first edition of UL 2272 can be purchased from Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (www.comm-2000.com/).

Does this apply to your business?

Under the Australian Consumer Law supply includes:

  • in relation to goods - (including re-supply) by way of sale, exchange, lease, hire or hire-purchase
  • in relation to services - provide, grant or confer.

This ban applies to anyone in the business of supplying this product, including:

  • manufacturers
  • importers
  • distributors
  • retailers
  • hirers.